Does Yarrow have thujone?
Yarrow is a hardy perennial plant, native to Europe and Asia. The chemical constituents include a volatile oil comprised of azulene, caryophyllene, thujone, eucalyptol, α- and β-pinene and borneol, as well as lactones, tannins, and alkaloids. Contact with yarrow has been reported to cause dermatitis.
Why is thujone bad for you?
Thujone: A ketone monoterpene, this compound blocks GABA receptors, which are neurotransmitters, making thujone a neurotoxin. The side effects include vomiting and seizures.
What does thujone do to the body?
When taken by mouth, thujone can cause seizures, muscle breakdown (rhabdomyolysis), kidney failure, restlessness, difficulty sleeping, nightmares, vomiting, stomach cramps, dizziness, tremors, changes in heart rate, urine retention, thirst, numbness of arms and legs, paralysis, and death.
How much thujone is safe?
In the United States, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) restricts any commercial product containing thujone to 10 parts per million (ppm) or less. This amount is considered negligible and thus safe for most populations (3, 21, 22 ).
Is thujone toxic to dogs?
The active ingredient is thujone, which is recorded as causing seizures in rats at relatively low doses. Pennyroyal: On the plus side, pennyroyal is an effective insecticide, but on the minus, it’s toxic to your pet. The active component is pulegone, and its use is best avoided in dogs.
Is thujone a hallucinogenic?
Thujone is a substance in wormwood (the common name of some species of artemisia plants) and some other plants, which is purported to have hallucinogenic or psychotropic effects.
Is thujone a psychedelic?
Thujones’ purported hallucinogenic and epileptogenic effects have been disproven except at extremely high concentrations, and “absinthism” has been largely proven to be a result of alcoholism. An 80% ethanol extract of wormwood was a strong muscarinic and nicotinic cholinergic receptor agonist in vitro.
How much thujone is too much?
According to the Directive 88/388/EEC 1988 a maximum thujone level of 5 mg/kg in alcoholic beverages with not more than 25% volume of alcohol and of 35 mg/kg in alcohol labelled as bitters (40% volume of alcohol and more) are allowed.
What foods contain thujone?
Thujone is found in a number of plants, such as arborvitae (genus Thuja, hence the derivation of the name), Nootka cypress, some junipers, mugwort, oregano, common sage, tansy, and wormwood, most notably grand wormwood (Artemisia absinthium), usually as a mix of isomers in a 1:2 ratio.