Is enchondroma serious?

It is not cancerous. It most often affects the cartilage that lines the inside of the bones. Enchondromas are the most common type of hand tumor.

Can enchondroma turn into cancer?

Single enchondromas rarely become cancerous, though the chances are a little higher in patients with Ollier’s disease and Maffucci’s syndrome. When enchonromas do become cancerous, they usually become a type of malignant cartilage tumor called a chondrosarcoma.

What is enchondroma mean?

An enchondroma is a type of noncancerous bone tumor that begins in cartilage. Cartilage is the gristly connective tissue from which most bones develop. Cartilage plays an important role in the growth process. There are many different types of cartilage in the body.

What is a distal femur?

The distal femur is the area of the leg just above the knee joint. Distal femur fractures most often occur either in older people whose bones are weak, or in younger people who have high energy injuries, such as from a car crash.

Is enchondroma genetic?

Spondyloenchondrodysplasia (SPENCD, enchondromatosis Spranger type IV) is an autosomal recessive inherited disorder caused by mutations in the ACP5 gene. It is characterized by vertebral dysplasia combined with enchondroma like lesions in the pelvis or long tubular bones.

Does distal femur fracture require surgery?

Most distal femur fractures are treated with surgery. The broken bone will take a minimum of 2 months to heal. Some can take more than 6 months to heal. Surgery may take place anywhere from 1-5 days after your injury.

Do enchondromas recur?

Although enchondroma has a low recurrence rate after surgery generally, in consideration of recurrence, we recommend the use of absorbable materials when a use of artificial bone substitute to fill the defect is planned.

What kind of bones are affected by enchondroma?

An enchondroma most often affects the cartilage that lines the inside of the bones. It often affects the tiny long bones of the hands and feet. It may also affect other bones such as the thighbone (femur), upper arm bone (humerus), or one of the two lower leg bones (tibia).

Can a sclerotic tumor be a benign enchondroma?

The sclerotic lesion in the humeral head could very well be a benign enchondroma based on the imaging findings. Symptoms are usually absent, however, in adult patients with a chondroid lesion in a long bone, particularly of larger size, always consider low-grade chondrosarcoma.

How to tell if a femur has an enchondroma?

The lesion in the lateral femoral condyle shows no marrow reaction, has a multilocular appearance and shows typical rim enhancement, with central low signal on all sequences (due to calcification) admixed with high T2 low T1 signal material. Distal end of femoral intramedullary rod noted. A: Enchondroma.

Where is the distal end of the femur located?

Distal end of femoral intramedullary rod noted. A: Enchondroma. A: Almost all enchondromas are located in the medullary cavity of tubular bones: small tubular bones of the hands and feet (50%); large tubular bones e.g. femur, tibia, humerus. Distribution of enchondromas.