What does Sialogogic mean?
(sī-ăl′ə-gôg′, -gŏg′) A drug or other agent that increases the flow of saliva. [Greek sialon, saliva + -agogue.]
What is the medical term for dry mouth?
Dry mouth, or xerostomia (zeer-o-STOE-me-uh), refers to a condition in which the salivary glands in your mouth don’t make enough saliva to keep your mouth wet. Dry mouth is often due to the side effect of certain medications or aging issues or as a result of radiation therapy for cancer.
What does an Antisialagogue do?
Antisialagogues are medications often used to manage and treat patients with noisy breathing near the end of life. These medications are members of the antimuscarinic class.
What drugs are Sialogogues?
Salivation may be promoted by using a stimulant: (sialogogue) such as; chewing gums (containing sorbitol or xylitol, not sucrose) diabetic sweets. cholinergic drugs such as pilocarpine, bethanecol, cevimeline or anetholetrithione.
What is Sialendoscopy surgery?
Sialendoscopy is an innovative technique that uses extremely narrow endoscopes to diagnose and treat many conditions of the salivary glands. The human body has three pairs of major salivary glands: parotid, submandibular and sublingual.
How can I make my mouth moist?
Use ice chips and sugar-free items such as gum, hard candy and lollipops, frozen fruit juices, and soft drinks. They will help keep your mouth moist without promoting tooth decay. Eat and drink tart foods and liquids, such as lemonade, sugar-free sour candies, and dill pickles, to help stimulate the flow of saliva.
How do I produce more saliva?
Chewing and sucking help stimulate saliva flow. Try: Ice cubes or sugar-free ice pops. Sugar-free hard candy or sugarless gum that contains xylitol….These products may also help:
- Artificial saliva products to help you produce more saliva.
- Toothpastes and mouthwashes specially made for dry mouth.
- Lip balm.
Can drinking too much water cause dry mouth?
When this water is not replaced fast enough it can lead to severe dehydration. Symptoms of mild and moderate dehydration are dry mouth, muscle cramps, headache, thirst, dark yellow urine and more.
Which is the Antisialagogue drug?
Antisialagogues are drugs or substances that decrease the flow rate of saliva and their effect is opposite to that of sialagogues. Their origin may be both natural and synthetic.
How long does Robinul last?
Following intramuscular administration, the onset of action is noted in 15 to 30 minutes, with peak effects occurring within approximately 30 to 45 minutes. The vagal blocking effects persist for 2 to 3 hours and the antisialagogue effects persist up to 7 hours, periods longer than for atropine.
How can I produce more saliva fast?
Is a Sialogram painful?
Does it hurt? A sialogram is painless although you may have some discomfort in your salivary gland when the contrast is injected into it.
Which is the correct definition of the word sialagogue?
( sī-al’ă-gog ), Avoid the misspelling/mispronunciation sialogogue. 1. Promoting the flow of saliva. 2. An agent having this action (for example, anticholinesterase agents). n. A drug or other agent that increases the flow of saliva. The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
What are the side effects of different sialogogues?
Effects on saliva and side effects vary between sialogogues, suggesting a benefit of trials with different sialogogues to determine individual patient preference. The observed carryover effect suggests that intermittent treatment may be an alternative to continuous treatment with sialogogues. Publication types
How are sialogogues used to treat salivary gland dysfunction?
The management of patients with salivary gland dysfunction requires enough stimulation of the residual gland function with sialogogues or, in severe cases, use of artificial saliva (3). Medical treatments include sialogogues, such as pilocarpine hydrochloride tablets, and cevimeline.
Which is better bethanechol or a sialogogue?
Each sialogogue was found to increase saliva and decrease symptoms. A mixed-effects analysis showed a greater increase in stimulated saliva on bethanechol compared to pilocarpine (0.106, p = 0.0272).