What is anthracene glycoside?
ANTHRACENE GLYCOSIDES. A number of glycosides in which the aglycones are anthracene derivatives occur as the phannacologically active constituents of several cathartics of plant origin. The principal ones among these vegetable cathartics are: Cascara, Rhubarb, Aloe, and Ser.na.
What is glycoside used for?
Cardiac glycosides are medicines for treating heart failure and certain irregular heartbeats. They are one of several classes of drugs used to treat the heart and related conditions.
What are the pharmaceutical application of anthraquinones?
Besides their utilization as colorants, anthraquinone derivatives have been used since centuries for medical applications, for example, as laxatives and antimicrobial and antiinflammatory agents. Current therapeutic indications include constipation, arthritis, multiple sclerosis, and cancer.
Which drug belongs to anthraquinone glycosides?
2. ANTHRAQUINONES AS DRUGS
Is anthraquinone toxic?
Anthraquinone is not toxic and therefore there would be no expected cumulative effects from common mechanisms of toxicity. The Agency has considered anthraquinone in light of the relevant safety factors in FQPA and FIFRA.
What are purgative glycosides?
Senna glycoside, also known as sennoside or senna, is a medication used to treat constipation and empty the large intestine before surgery. The medication is taken by mouth or via the rectum. Senna derivatives are a type of stimulant laxative and are of the anthraquinone type.
What are the benefits of glycosides?
Flavonoid C-glycosides showed significant antioxidant activity, anticancer and antitumor activity, hepatoprotective activity, anti-inflammatory activity, anti-diabetes activity, antiviral activity, antibacterial and antifungal activity, and other biological effects.
Are glycosides harmful?
Exposure to cyanide from unintentional or intentional consumption of cyanogenic glycosides may lead to acute intoxications, characterized by growth retardation and neurological symptoms resulting from tissue damage in the central nervous system (CNS).
What herbs contain anthraquinone?
Anthraquinones (AQs) are found in rhubarb root, Senna leaf and pod, Cascara, Buckhorn, and Aloe, and they are widely used in laxative preparations.
What are anthraquinone glycosides?
Anthraquinone glycosides are a series of major active ingredients found in all three species. They are key intermediates in the anthraquinone secondary metabolism and the sennnoside biosynthesis. The variation of the anthraquinone glycoside content in rhubarb in response to specific factors remains an attractive topic.
What are the uses of anthraquinone glycosides?
Fungal anthraquinones are widely used as dyes for natural and synthetic fibers. Further, anthraquinones also find applications as semiconductors in microelectronics. Many of them possess antibacterial, antiparasitic, insecticidal, fungicidal, and antiviral properties. They are also used as anticancer agents.
What is anthraquinone in aloe?
The outer pulp of Aloe leaves, known as the latex, contains anthraquinones. Aloin is an anthraquinone found in the latex that may give the plant its laxative qualities.
What kind of products can anthracene be used for?
It is primarily used as an intermediate in the production of dyes, smoke screens, scintillation counter crystals, and in organic semiconductor research. Although a large body of literature exists on the toxicity of PAHs, data for anthracene are limited.
Are there any negative effects of exposure to anthracene?
Although a large body of literature exists on the toxicity of PAHs, data for anthracene are limited. Prolonged exposure causes variety of topical and systemic adverse reactions. Carcinogenicity bioassays with anthracene generally gave negative results.
What is the chemical formula for anthracene PubChem?
Anthracene PubChem CID 8418 Structure Find Similar Structures Chemical Safety Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary (LCSS Molecular Formula C14H10 or (C6H4CH)2 Synonyms ANTHRACENE 120-12-7 Paranaphthalene Anth
What are the medical uses of digitalis glycosides?
The digitalis glycosides are potent cardiovascular drugs with a low therapeutic index and a high incidence of iatrogenic complications. Digoxin is the most commonly used preparation. Common indications include rate control in atrial fibrillation, as well as the treatment of other atrial tachyarrhyth …