What is Interparietal hernia?

Interparietal hernias (alternative plural: herniae) are a general category of ventral abdominal wall hernias, defined by the occurrence of the hernia sac located between the layers of the anterior abdominal wall. They are commonly incisional hernias and most Spigelian hernias are of this type.

How do you evaluate a hernia?

Your doctor will check for a bulge in the groin area. Because standing and coughing can make a hernia more prominent, you’ll likely be asked to stand and cough or strain. If the diagnosis isn’t readily apparent, your doctor might order an imaging test, such as an abdominal ultrasound, CT scan or MRI.

Do you need contrast for hernia?

CT of the abdomen and pelvis with oral and intravenous (IV) contrast can help detect many elusive hernias by demonstrating extracoelomic location of the bowel, bladder, or female internal reproductive organs.

What is the best imaging for hernia?

Magnetic resonance imaging is by far the most sensitive, specific, and reliable modality to diagnose inguinal hernias.

What is Richter’s hernia?

Richter hernia (partial enterocele) is the protrusion and/or strangulation of only part of the circumference of the intestine’s antimesenteric border through a rigid small defect of the abdominal wall. The first case was reported in 1606 by Fabricius Hildanus.

What is a Spiegel hernia?

A spigelian hernia is a hernia through the spigelian fascia or layer of tissue that separates two groups of abdominal muscles. The muscles are called the rectus muscles and the lateral obliques. This type of hernia is also sometimes called a lateral ventral hernia.

How do you treat an abdominal wall hernia?

Your doctor will discuss your options with you which may include surgery or watchful waiting. Larger hernias, however, or hernias that are causing pain, may require surgical repair to relieve pain as well as to prevent complications. There are two types of surgical hernia repair: open and minimally invasive surgery.

Does a hernia show on CT scan?

Cross-sectional CT scans can show hernias and the contents of the peritoneal sac. More important, CT findings can be used to diagnose unsuspected hernias and to distinguish hernias from masses of the abdominal wall, such as tumors, hematomas, abscesses, undescended testes, and aneurysms.

How do doctors check for hernia in females?

Your doctor at All Women’s Care can diagnose a hernia through a physical exam. During the exam, your doctor feels for any bulges in your groin or abdominal area that become larger when you cough, strain, or stand.

What does a Spigelian hernia feel like?

Symptoms of a Spigelian hernia vary from person to person and range from mild to severe. A common sign of this hernia is a lump or bulge either below or to the side of the belly button. The lump may feel soft to the touch. Another symptom is constant or intermittent abdominal pain .

What is a rare hernia?

A Spigelian hernia is a very rare type of ventral abdominal wall hernia. They occur below the umbilicus in a specific area known as the Spieghel’s semilunar line, through the Spieghel’s fascia. This hernia is very difficult to diagnose since it works its way in between the muscle layers of the abdominal wall and does not surface just below the skin.

How common are abdominal hernias?

About five million Americans experience abdominal hernias, the most common type of hernia, according to the National Center for Health Statistics.

Is that bulge on your abdomen a hernia?

An abdominal lump is a swelling or bulge that emerges from any area of the abdomen. It most often feels soft, but it may be firm depending on its underlying cause. In most cases, a lump is caused by a hernia .

Which hernia is also called an incisional hernia?

A ventral hernia is a sac (pouch) formed from the inner lining of your belly (abdomen) that pushes through a hole in the abdominal wall. Ventral hernias often occur at the site of an old surgical cut (incision). This type of hernia is also called incisional hernia.