What is the biodiversity of Nepal?

Nepalese rangelands have high biodiversity and are estimated to cover nearly 12% of the country’s total area, providing habitat for various flowering plants, including endemic species and wildlife as well as globally threatened species.

Which region of Nepal is richest in biodiversity?

Nepal is rich in term of biodiversity. There are high mountains, high hills and plain land of Terai regions where different species of plants and animals are found. And it is rich in physical diversity also. Physical diversity has created diversity in ecosystem and climatic situation.

How many ecosystems are found in the Terai region of Nepal?

To the north of the Tarai region are highlands that constitute hills, mountains and Himalayas. There are two Global 200 ecoregions – Broadleaf and Conifer forests and Alpine Scrub and Meadows – represented in this region.

Which is most important for bio diversity conservation in Nepal?

Major institutions The strongest part of biodiversity conservation of Nepal is either one or another institutional representation at every level of the government from local to central.

Is Nepal rich in biodiversity?

 Nepal is rich in biodiversity. There are various types of flora and fauna found in Nepal. For example, yarshaghumba (Cordyceps sinensis) and the one-horned rhino are the most valuable flora and fauna found in Nepal, among others. The one-horned rhino, which is found in Chitwan, is also rare fauna found in Nepal.

What is the rank of Nepal in biodiversity?

Nepal is a part of the world’s biodiversity hotspot and ranks the 49th in the world for biodiversity.

Why is Nepal so rich in the ecosystem?

Answer: Nepal is rich in biodiversity because of its unique physical features, thus we find many types of flora and fauna here. But unfortunately people have polluted and destroyed the habitat of these organisms and due to that everyday one or the other species of certain animals/plants is becoming extinct.

Which country is first in biodiversity?

#1: Brazil Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.

Is Nepal in tropical region?

The great majority of Nepal’s population occupies the tropical and subtropical climate zones. The Subalpine zone from 3,000 to 4,000 meters (9,800 to 13,100 ft) occupies 9% of Nepal’s land area, mainly in the Mountain and Himalayan regions.

Which is the largest forest of Nepal?

FAO, 25.4% or about 3,636,000 ha of Nepal is forested, according to FAO. Of this 14.5% ( 526,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest. Nepal had 43,000 ha of planted forest….Nepal Forest Information and Data.

Total Land Area (1000 ha) 14300
Other wooded land (1000 ha) 1897
Percent other wooded land 13

Why is Nepal rich in diversity?

What is agrobiodiversity FAO?

FAO’s Definition of Agrobiodiversity Agrobiodiversity is the result of the interaction between the environment, genetic resources and management systems and practices used by culturally diverse peoples, and therefore land and water resources are used for production in different ways.

How many species of animals are there in Nepal?

There are 208 mammal species reported including 28 species outside the limits of the protected areas but excluding four known extinct species.

Are there any national parks or wildlife reserves in Nepal?

Nepal has established numerous national parks and reserves in order to protect its diverse fauna ever since 1973, with the passing of the National Parks and Wildlife Conservation Act 2029 BS. There are four different “classes” of protection, ranging from national parks and nature reserves to wildlife and hunting reserves.

Which is a major source of tourism in Nepal?

Wildlife tourism is also a major source of tourism in the country. There are some animal species which are unique to Nepal, such as the spiny babbler. Nepal is also host to many rhododendron species. The wildlife of Nepal includes its flora and fauna.

Are there any World Heritage Sites in Nepal?

Under these classes as of 2002 there were 23 protected areas in Nepal: nine national parks, three wildlife reserves, three conservation areas, one hunting reserve, three additional Ramsar sites, and four additional World Heritage Sites. The most noted world heritage sites are Sagarmatha National Park and Chitwan National Park.