What is the maintenance model in psychology?

The meaning maintenance model (MMM) proposes that people have a need for meaning; that is, a need to perceive events through a prism of mental representations of expected relations that organizes their perceptions of the world.

What theory states that we can feel threatened when someone outperformed us?

Self-evaluation maintenance theory (Tesser, 1988) asserts that our self-esteem can be threatened when someone else outperforms us, particularly if that person is close to us and the performance domain is central to our self-concept.

How is self-esteem related to self-evaluation?

High self-esteem is characterised by a general fondness or love for oneself; low self-esteem is characterised by mildly positive or ambivalent feelings toward oneself. Self-evaluations. The term ”self-esteem” has also been used to refer to the way people evaluate their various abilities and attributes.

What is a self-concept example?

Self-concept is how you perceive your behavior, abilities, and unique characteristics. 1 For example, beliefs such as “I am a good friend” or “I am a kind person” are part of an overall self-concept. At its most basic, self-concept is a collection of beliefs one holds about oneself and the responses of others.

What does it mean to manage the self you present to others?

Self-presentation refers to how people attempt to present themselves to control or shape how others (called the audience) view them. It involves expressing oneself and behaving in ways that create a desired impression. Self-presentation is part of a broader set of behaviors called impression management.

What is maintenance time psychology?

Maintenance Rehearsal is the process of repeatedly verbalizing or thinking about a piece of information. Your short term memory is able to hold information about about 20 seconds. However, this time can be increased to about 30 seconds by using Maintenance Rehearsal.

How social comparison could affect self-esteem?

Yes, social comparison can have a negative impact on our self-esteem; if we let it. If you can’t stop yourself, at least take some control of whom you compare yourself to and seek out people whom you compare favorably, then your self-concept may be more realistic and your self-esteem more positive.

How does social comparison affect our self-esteem?

The self-concept and self-esteem are determined in large part through social comparison. When we are able to compare ourselves favorably with others through downward social comparison, we feel good about ourselves. Upward social comparison with others who are better or better off than we are leads to negative emotions.

Why self-esteem is so important?

Why Self-Esteem Is Important Self-esteem impacts your decision-making process, your relationships, your emotional health, and your overall well-being. It also influences motivation, as people with a healthy, positive view of themselves understand their potential and may feel inspired to take on new challenges.

What are the types of self-esteem?

There are three (3) types of self esteem. They are inflated self esteem, low self-esteem and high self-esteem.

What are the 4 types of self-concept?

These are the public self, the self-concept, the actual or behavioral self, and the ideal self. Finally, we discuss self-presentation in the context of how people control their own behavior, including analysis of how self-presentational processes can replace other causal processes.

What is positive self-concept?

What is a positive self-concept? It is a growing belief about yourself that helps you to cope successfully with the events in your life, and then to make a positive impact on the lives of others.

What is the maintenance theory of self evaluation?

Self-evaluation Maintenance Theory Self-evaluation maintenance theory refers to discrepancies between two people in a relationship. Two people in a relationship each aim to keep themselves feeling good psychologically throughout a comparison process to the other person. Self-evaluation is defined as the way a person views him/herself.

What is the meaning of self concept maintenance?

Self-Concept Maintenance Theory Self-concept maintenance refers to how people maintain or enhance their sense of self. It is relatively fixed after a person reaches adulthood, but it can—and does—change based on the person’s experiences.

What are three theories on the function of self esteem?

Its origins, from both a theoretical and contemporary perspective, are assessed before reviewing the three significant hypothesises battling for centre ground in the debate over self-esteem’s actual function; Self-Determination Theory, Sociometer Theory and Terror Management Theory.

How is self esteem gained in the SEM model?

Evaluation of the self also occurs through comparison of oneself to others. Self-esteem is gained by performing better than someone else. The SEM model also identifies variables that can influence whether or not the effect will be positive or negative to the perception of the self.