How is the continent of Africa physically diverse?
Africa has an array of diverse ecosystems, from sandy deserts to lush rain forests. Africa, the second-largest continent, is bounded by the Mediterranean Sea, the Red Sea, the Indian Ocean, and the Atlantic Ocean. It is divided in half almost equally by the Equator.
What is Africa’s landscape like?
Most of South Africa’s landscape is made up of high, flat areas called plateaus. These lands are covered with rolling grasslands, called highveld, and tree-dotted plains called bushveld. To the east, south, and west of the plateau lands is a mountainous region called the Great Escarpment.
What are human and physical features?
Human and physical features are things that you can see all around you. Physical features like seas, mountains and rivers are natural. They would be here even if there were no people around. Human features like houses, roads and bridges are things that have been built by people.
What are the major physical regions of Africa?
Africa has eight major physical regions: the Sahara, the Sahel, the Ethiopian Highlands, the savanna, the Swahili Coast, the rain forest, the African Great Lakes, and Southern Africa.
How is Africa divided in half by the equator?
It is divided in half almost equally by the Equator. The continent includes the islands of Cape Verde, Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles, and Comoros. Africa’s physical geography, environment and resources, and human geography can be considered separately. The origin of the name “Africa” is greatly disputed by scholars.
How is the climate in Africa related to the tropics?
A number of factors influence Africa’s sunny climate. The Equator nearly bisect s the continent into two equal parts. Climatic zones lie on either side of this line as if it were a mirror, with tropical wet climate s closer to the Equator and more arid conditions closer to the tropics.
What are the physical features of the Sahara Desert?
The Sahara has a number of distinct physical features, including ergs, regs, hamadas, and oases. Ergs, which cover 20 percent of the Sahara, are sand dunes that stretch for hundreds of kilometers at heights of more than 300 meters (1,000 feet). Ergs cover most of Algeria and Libya and parts of Mali and Nigeria.