What are the effects of cytokinins?

Cytokinins were discovered as factors that promote cell division in tobacco tissue cultures (2) and have been shown to regulate several other developmental events, such as de novo bud formation, release of buds from apical dominance, leaf expansion, delay of senescence, promotion of seed germination, and chloroplast …

What is the role of cytokinin in human body?

Cytokinins are plant hormones and play essential roles in regulating plant growth and development. They also have diverse pharmacological effects in animals and humans. Cytokinin ribosides inhibit growth or cause apoptosis in various cell lines derived from diverse malignancies including those with a mutant p53 gene.

Is cytokinin harmful to humans?

The Agency has determined that products containing Cytokinin, when labeled and used as specified in this RED, will not pose unreasonable risks or adverse effects to humans or the environment.

What does cytokinin do in a plant?

It has been recognized that cytokinins are plant hormones that influence not only numerous aspects of plant growth, development and physiology, including cell division, chloroplast differentiation and delay of senescence but the interaction with other organisms, including pathogens.

What are the effects of abscisic acid?

Abscisic acid stimulates the growth and development of the root system including adventitious roots of the hypocotyl, the formation and growth of the lateral shoots of the cotyledonary node and to a much lesser extent the growth of the main shoots of axenically cultivated 17 days old Phaseolus coccineus seedlings.

What are the application of cytokinin?

Cytokinins serve many important functions in plant development and morphogenesis. They are involved in the regulation of cell division; they interact with auxins in the control of apical dominance and lateral branching and the root-shoot ratio in intact plants and in tissue culture.

What are two uses of cytokinins?


  • Helps in promoting cell division and growth of the plant.
  • Used by farmers to increase the production of crops.
  • When applied to cotton seedlings, it led to a 5-10 % increase even in drought conditions.
  • Plays a major role in plant pathogenesis by inducing resistance against certain disease-causing bacteria.

What is the main function of gibberellins?

What is the main function of gibberellins? Gibberellins are plant growth regulators that facilitate cell elongation, help the plants to grow taller. They also play major roles in germination, elongation of the stem, fruit ripening and flowering.

What are the uses of cytokinin?

Cytokinins (CK) are a class of plant hormones that promote cell division, or cytokinesis, in plant roots and shoots. They are involved primarily in cell growth and differentiation, but also affect apical dominance, axillary bud growth, and leaf senescence.

What is the anti-aging hormone?

The primary hormones administered through anti-aging clinics are human growth hormone (HGH), which prompts the body to make another hormone called insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), a precursor of estrogen and testosterone.

What is the importance of cytokinin?

In plants, cytokinins are essential regulators that are involved in almost every aspect of plant growth and development. During the various stages of leaf development, cytokinins play essential roles by regulating the transcriptional expression of downstream genes.

What is the main function of abscisic acid?

Abscisic acid (ABA) is an important phytohormone regulating plant growth, development, and stress responses.

What are the effects of cytokinin on the body?

Physiological effects of cytokinin . 1. The most important function of cytokinin is the promotion of cell division. 2. In association with IAA, cytokinin initiates bud and root formation in callus tissue. 3. External application of cytokinin promotes the growth of lateral buds even if the apical bud is intact. 4.

How are cytokinins important to the growth of plants?

Cytokinins. Cytokinins are a group of plant growth regulators which are primarily involved in performing cell division in plant roots, shoot system. This hormone helps in promoting the cell’s growth, development, differentiation, affecting apical dominance, leaf senescence, and axillary bud growth. These hormones mostly found in all…

How are cytokinins essential for cell division in permanent cells?

Cytokinins are essential for cytokinesis though chromosome dou­bling can occur in their absence. In the presence of auxin, cytokinins bring about division even in permanent cells. Cell division in callus (unorganised, undifferentiated irregular mass of dividing cells in tissue culture) is found to require both the hormones. 2. Cell Elongation:

How are cytokines used to treat chemotherapy side effects?

Some are used to help prevent or manage chemotherapy side effects. They are injected, either under the skin, into a muscle, or into a vein. The most common ones are interleukins and interferons. Interleukins are a group of cytokines that act as chemical signals between white blood cells.