What are the quadrants for an abdominal exam?

A four-quadrant system – left upper quadrant, left lower quadrant, right upper quadrant and right lower quadrant provides a more general overview, and is acceptable in situations when there is no abdominal complaint. The nine-region system provides more specific information if the patient is complaining of discomfort or problems in a certain area.

What should the position of the patient be for an abdominal scan?

The position of the patient for the general abdominal scan is usually supine for the initial images. The patient is then rolled into various degrees of obliquity to better demonstrate the biliary system, pancreas, liver, kidneys, or spleen.

What kind of transducer is used for abdominal sonography?

The transducer frequency depends on the size, muscle and fat composition of the patient. Generally a 3-MHz transducer is used on most normal sized adult patients, with variations of 2.25 to 7.5 MHz, depending on image resolution and beam penetration through the deeper structures in the liver.

Which is the left upper quadrant of the stomach?

The left upper quadrant contains: Most of the stomach

What is the correct order for abdominal assessment?

With abdominal assessment, you inspect first, then auscultate, percuss, and palpate. This order is different from the rest of the body systems, for which you inspect, then percuss, palpate, and auscultate. Keeping this in view, what order do you Auscultate bowel sounds? Auscultate for bowel sounds.

What are the 9 regions of the abdomen?

The nine regions include the following: right hypochondriac (upper) region, right lumbar (middle) region, right iliac (lower) region, left hypochondriac (upper) region, left lumbar (middle) region, left iliac (lower) region, epigastric region, umbilical region, and hypogastric (suprapubic) region.

How to percuss all four quadrants of the abdomen?

With your patient supine, percuss all four quadrants of the abdomen using proper technique. Hyperextend the middle finger of your nondominant hand and place this finger firmly against your patient’s abdomen.