What is epiphyseal injury?
Growth plates and epiphyses are areas located at the ends of long bones, in which new bone is produced. Pre-adolescent and adolescent bones are not yet mature and trauma can lead to disruption of bone growth patterns by causing the growth plate to close prematurely.
What is distal radial epiphysis?
A distal radial epiphysis injury is a stress injury to the growth plate at the wrist end of the radius bone in the forearm. As a result, the blood supply to the area is compromised. The epiphysis is the name given to the rounded end of a long bone also sometimes known as the growth plate.
How long does a distal radius take to heal?
Fractures of the distal radius usually need about 4-6 weeks for clinical bone healing, though sometimes it can take longer. It may take another 6-12 months to regain motion, strength, and function. Many people find they are resuming most of their daily activities about 3-4 months after a broken wrist.
How do you know if you have damaged growth plates?
Signs and symptoms of a growth plate fracture may include:
- Pain and tenderness, particularly in response to pressure on the growth plate.
- Inability to move the affected area or to put weight or pressure on the limb.
- Warmth and swelling at the end of a bone, near a joint.
How long does pain last after distal radius surgery?
After the cast is removed, it’s normal for the wrist to be stiff for 1 to 2 months. For some patients—such as those who are older, have osteoarthritis, or were victims of a high energy break such as from a car accident— this stiffness may last up to 2 years.
What is the most painful bone in the body to break?
Your femur is located in your thigh, running from your hip to your knee. It’s long and strong and hurts like heck when you break it. In addition to being one of the most painful breaks, a broken femur can damage the large arteries in the leg and cause severe bleeding.
What is distal radius fracture called?
A distal radius fracture, also known as wrist fracture, is a break of the part of the radius bone which is close to the wrist. Symptoms include pain, bruising, and rapid-onset swelling. The wrist may be broken for life.
What kind of injury is distal radial epiphysis?
A distal radial epiphysis injury is an injury to the growth plate at the wrist end of the radius bone in the forearm. It mostly affects young athletes and is most often caused by overuse.
What causes a distal radial physeal fracture in a child?
Distal radial physeal fractures are uncommon in children younger than five years. The most common mechanism of injury is a fall on an outstretched hand (Figure 1). Extension of the wrist at the time of injury causes the distal fragment to be displaced dorsally (posteriorly).
What is the risk of physeal arrest after a radial fracture?
The overall risk of physeal arrest after distal radial physeal fracture is approximately 4%. The higher the Salter-Harris fracture classification number, the greater the chance of growth arrest.
Where is the epiphysis located on the forearm?
The epiphysis is the rounded portion of the distal end of the radial or long bone of the forearm known as the growth plate.