What is temporal mesial sclerosis?

Mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS) is a term used to describe scarring in the deep part of the temporal lobe of the brain. MTS is the most common cause of structural epilepsy and focal seizures in the temporal lobe.

How is mesial temporal sclerosis treated?

Mesial temporal sclerosis treatments generally consist of managing the epilepsy symptom by using either anticonvulsant medication or, if medication is not effective, surgery. Surgical treatments for intractable epilepsy include a temporal lobectomy or vagal nerve stimulation.

What is the cause of mesial temporal sclerosis?

Mesial temporal sclerosis may happen when the brain doesn’t get enough oxygen or if you have experienced head trauma or an infection in the brain infection. However, the cause of mesial temporal sclerosis is sometimes unknown. Mesial temporal sclerosis can cause a type of epilepsy called temporal lobe epilepsy.

Does mesial temporal sclerosis get worse?

In fact, 70 percent of temporal lobe epilepsy patients have some degree of mesial temporal sclerosis. It also appears that the mesial temporal sclerosis can be worsened by additional seizures.

Is mesial temporal sclerosis progressive?

There is a silver lining to the above optimistic message. The study supports evidence that mesial temporal lobe epilepsy is a progressive disease. Although three-quarters of patients remained controlled, there was still one-quarter who went on to be refractory.

Is mesial temporal sclerosis a tumor?

Tumors located in the mesial temporal lobe are often associated with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). In these cases, because the hippocampus is located close to the tumor, it may play some role in generating, amplifying, or propagating seizures.

Is mesial temporal sclerosis hereditary?

Temporal lobe epilepsy is usually caused by a problem such as mesial temporal sclerosis. However, familial temporal lobe epilepsy is a genetic condition with autosomal dominant inheritance.

Can temporal lobe epilepsy go away?

Two out of 3 people with temporal lobe epilepsy achieve good seizure control with seizure medication. Seizures may also go away in some children with TLE. A good outcome is most often seen in people with normal MRI scans.

What are the symptoms of temporal lobe epilepsy?

What are the symptoms of temporal lobe epilepsy?

  • Déjà vu (a feeling of familiarity), a memory, or jamais vu (a feeling of unfamiliarity)
  • Sudden sense of fear or anxiety, anger, sadness, joy.
  • A rising sick feeling in the stomach (the feeling you get in your gut riding a roller coaster)

What is mesiotemporal sclerosis?

Mesial temporal sclerosis is the scarring of the medial (middle or on the centerline of the body) temporal lobes of the brain. Scarring of the hippocampus is the most common form; this condition is called hippocampal sclerosis.

What is mesial temporal lobe epilepsy?

Mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (mTLE) is the most common form of epilepsy in adults, and seizures normally originate in the hippocampi (singular=hippocampus – important memory centres within the temporal lobes) and other related structures.

What is treatment for temporal lobe seizures?

The treatment of temporal lobe epilepsy includes surgery, device implantation, and medications. Usually medication is the first line of treatment because it is the least invasive option. Medications used to treat seizures or epilepsy are called anti-seizure or anti-epileptic drugs.