What is the collateral ligament?
The lateral collateral ligament is a thin band of tissue running along the outside of the knee. It connects the thighbone (femur) to the fibula, which is the small bone of the lower leg that runs down the side of the knee and connects to the ankle.
What are the collateral ligaments and what do they do?
The collateral ligaments help keep your knee stable. They help keep your leg bones in place and keep your knee from moving too far sideways. A collateral ligament injury can occur if you get hit very hard on the inside or outside of your knee, or when you have a twisting injury.
How do you check for collateral ligaments?
- The examiner will place one hand on the ankle and the other under the knee for support.
- The physician will move the knee side to side by moving the ankle.
- The examiner will then bend the leg to about 30 degrees of flexion and repeat the side-to-side movement.
What are the collateral ligaments of the ankle?
The lateral collateral ligaments include the anterior talofibular ligament, calcaneofibular ligament, talocalcaneal ligament, posterior talocalcaneal ligament and the posterior talofibular ligament. The anterior talofibular ligament passes from the tip of the lateral malleolus to the talus anteriorly.
How do you treat a collateral ligament injury?
Most LCL injuries can be treated at home with:
- Rest and protecting your knee.
- Ice or a cold pack.
- Wrapping your knee with an elastic bandage (compression).
- Propping up (elevating) your knee.
- Anti-inflammatory medicine.
What are the symptoms of a lateral collateral ligament injury?
What are the symptoms of an LCL injury?
- swelling of the knee (especially the outer aspect)
- stiffness of the knee joint that can cause locking of the knee.
- pain or soreness on the outside of the knee.
- instability of the knee joint (feeling like it’s going to give out)
How do you diagnose a medial collateral ligament injury?
The test is performed by flexing the knee into 90 degrees and externally rotating the tibia. This position of the knee causes relaxation of the cruciates while the collateral ligaments are tightened . When pain is felt on the medial side of the knee, an injury to the MCL complex is probable .
What does the Calcaneofibular ligament prevent?
The ligament allows flexion and extension movements to occur at the ankle and serves as a primary restraint to inversion in neutral or dorsiflexed position at the talocrural joint. The CFL also serves to resist subtalar joint inversion. This limits talar tilt.
Which of the following is a lateral collateral ligament of the ankle?
The lateral ligaments of the ankle, composed of the anterior talo-fibular ligament (ATFL), the calcaneo-fibular ligament (CFL) and the posterior talo-fibular ligament. The medial (deltoid) ligaments is much stronger than the lateral ligament and is therefore injured much less frequently.
What kind of loan is backed by collateral?
Any type of loan can be a collateral loan. These are the categories most collateral loans fall into. Mortgage. One of the most common types of secured loans is a home loan, also known as a mortgage. Collateral loans on property are backed by the real estate that you are financing.
Can a line of credit be used as collateral?
An installment loan can be both secured and unsecured. With a mortgage, typically the loan uses your house as collateral. With a line of credit (also called revolving credit), a borrower can spend up to a designated amount on an as-needed basis.
What happens when you pledge collateral for a loan?
When you pledge collateral, the lender takes less risk, which means you’re more likely to get a good rate.
What happens if you don’t pay a collateral loan back?
You can lose the collateral if you don’t pay the loan back. The biggest risk of a collateral loan is you could lose the asset if you fail to repay the loan. It’s especially risky if you secure the loan with a highly valuable asset, such as your home. It requires you to have a valuable asset.