What is the paradox of voting in simple terms?

The paradox of voting, also called Downs’ paradox, is that for a rational, self-interested voter, the costs of voting will normally exceed the expected benefits.

What is simple majority rule?

Majority, a voting requirement of more than half of all ballots cast. Plurality (voting), a voting requirement of more ballots cast for a proposition than for any other option. First-past-the-post voting, shifts the winner of the election from an absolute majority outcome to a simple majority outcome.

Why is voting considered a paradox quizlet?

A voting paradox occurs when the result of a vote is contradictory, or opposite of the expected outcome.

What is government efficacy?

Political efficacy is the “feeling that political and social change is possible and that the individual citizen can play a part in bringing about this change” (Campbell, Gurin and Miller, 1954, p. 187).

What is the rational ignorance effect?

Rational ignorance is refraining from acquiring knowledge when the supposed cost of educating oneself on an issue exceeds the expected potential benefit that the knowledge would provide.

Is 51% a majority?

“50% +1” and “51%” is sometimes used instead of “majority” in common discourse. For example, say a board has 7 members. A majority would be 4 (more than half of 7). Albeit, the exactly number calculated would be 3.5+1, and thus a majority may be mistaken as 4.5, and by using Swedish rounding would be rounded up to 5.

What is simple majority in Parliament?

This refers to the majority of more than 50% of the members present and voting. Ordinary bills need to be passed with a simple majority in both Houses of the Parliament before it is sent to Indian President for his assent. Cases where the simple majority is used: To pass Ordinary/Money/Financial bills.

What are the 4 types of votes in the House?


  • Voice vote. A voice vote occurs when Members call out “Aye” or “No” when a question is first put by the Speaker.
  • Division vote.
  • Yea and Nay Vote.
  • Record Vote.

What are the effects of taxation on resources quizlet?

What are the effects of taxation on resources? It makes resources available for producing public goods. It reduces private demand for resources.

What is a sunshine law quizlet?

Sunshine Act / Open Payments Definition. Federal law that requires manufacturers to disclose payments and transfers of value provided to U.S. physicians.