What position are you in for a mammogram?

Mammogram pictures are obtained with you in the standing position, though if you are unable to stand the machine can be adjusted with you in the seated position.

What are 2 types of examinations in mammography?

There are two main types of mammography: film-screen mammography and digital mammography, also called full-field digital mammography or FFDM.

Can a radiographer read a mammogram?

Overall the radiographers’ sensitivity is 61.1% and specificity 89.7% compared to the radiologists’ 39.6% and 90.5% for this set of films. Our study indicates that, with training, radiographers can become proficient at mammographic interpretation.

What is the kVp range for mammography?

[7] Even though the mammography unit operates in the low tube voltage range typically about 25–35 kVp when compared to other radiography units, a little variation in its operating parameters can lead to the delivery of higher doses which can be detrimental since the breast is a radiosensitive organ.

Can I wear jeans to a mammogram?

What you wear to a mammogram won’t affect the procedure or test results. However, you’ll need to remove any clothing from the waist up, so you may be more comfortable if you avoid one-piece outfits like dresses and jumpsuits.

What happens if mammogram is abnormal?

The mammogram will show no sign of breast cancer. If your mammogram does show something abnormal, you will need follow-up tests to check whether or not the finding is breast cancer. Most abnormal findings on a mammogram are not breast cancer. For most women, follow-up tests will show normal breast tissue.

What are three types of mammograms?

SSM Health offers three types of mammography: conventional, digital and 3D mammograms.

  • Conventional Mammography. Traditional mammograms create diagnostic images by applying a low-dose X-ray system to examine breasts.
  • Digital Mammography.
  • 3D Mammography.
  • Screening Mammogram vs Diagnostic Mammogram?

Are breast exams accurate?

Although the breast self-exam technique isn’t always a reliable way to detect breast cancer, a significant number of women report that the first sign of their breast cancer was a new breast lump they discovered on their own. For this reason, doctors recommend being familiar with the normal consistency of your breasts.

How long it takes to get mammogram results?

You can usually expect the results of a screening mammogram within two weeks. If you’re having a mammogram as a follow-up test, you may get the results before you leave the appointment. You can ask your doctor or your technologist how long it will take to get results, then keep an eye out for them.

Who reads the mammogram results?

A doctor with special training, called a radiologist, will read the mammogram. He or she will look at the X-ray for early signs of breast cancer or other problems. Try not to have your mammogram the week before you get your period or during your period.

What is the minimum HVL required by the US government for 30 kVp?

BEAM QUALITY (1020.30(m)), 21 CFR Subchapter J.

X-ray tube voltage (kilovolt peak) Minimum HVL (mm of Al)
Measured operating potential Specified dental systems Other X-ray systems
30 1.5 0.3
40 1.5 0.4
49 1.5 0.5

Which filter is used in mammography?

Molybdenum and Rhodium Filters This results in the spectrum that is most often used in mammography, produced with the “moly/moly” anode/filter combination. Many mammography systems have an alternative rhodium filter that can be selected by the operator or AEC.

How is the breast positioned in a mammogram?

The breast is positioned on top of the magnification stand, decreasing the focal spot and allowing for magnification. Magnification views also involve the use of longer exposure times and higher kvp. Spot magnification views are a combination of spot compression (small paddle) and magnification (mag stand and settings) techniques.

How are spot compression views used in mammography?

Spot compression views are useful in the workup of focal asymmetries. Magnification views are an essential component of the diagnostic evaluation of breast calcifications. The appropriate workup of microcalcifications includes magnification views in the CC and lateral projections. Magnification views involve the use of a magnification stand.

What are the techniques used in mammography exams?

Mammography Techniques. The MLO view allows visualization of the largest amount of breast tissue. A technically adequate exam has the nipple in profile, allows visualization of the inframammary fold and includes the pectoralis muscle extending down to the posterior nipple line (an oblique line drawn straight back from the nipple.)

What is the laterally exaggerated view in mammography?

The laterally exaggerated CC (XCCL) view is performed in an effort to visualize more of the lateral breast tissue. The cleavage view is another attempt at maximizing visualization of medial breast tissue. The tangent view is performed for palpable abnormalities.