When was the Abu Simbel temples built?

The Abu Simbel complex, built over the course of 20 years in the 13th Century BC, is one of the most impressive still standing today. Alongside the larger Great Temple stands a smaller temple that honours Ramses’ queen, Nefertari.

When was the movement of Abu Simbel completed?

September 22, 1968
Work with relocating the Abu Simbel temples was concluded on September 22, 1968 with a large inaugural ceremony. The entire project cost about SEK 200 million to complete (about SEK 1.7 billion in today’s monetary value). The Abu Simbel temples were placed on UNESCO’s World Heritage List in 1979.

What happens on two days each year at Abu Simbel?

We celebrate the alignment of the sun on King Ramses II’s face, a phenomenon that occurs twice a year, marking two important dates in the Pharaoh’s life. Its front includes two statues of the queen and four of the pharaoh, each about (10 meters) in height. …

Why were the Abu Simbel temples built?

Ramses built the Temple at Abu Simbel in Egypt to intimidate his enemies and seat himself amongst the gods.

Why is it called Abu Simbel?

While it is assumed that the name, `Abu Simbel’, was the designation for the complex in antiquity, this is not so. Allegedly, the Swiss explorer Burckhardt was led to the site by a boy named Abu Simbel in 1813 CE and the site was then named after him.

Who found Abu Simbel?

Carved out of a sandstone cliff on the west bank of the Nile, south of Korosko (modern Kuruskū), the temples were unknown to the outside world until their rediscovery in 1813 by the Swiss researcher Johann Ludwig Burckhardt. They were first explored in 1817 by the early Egyptologist Giovanni Battista Belzoni.

Why is Abu Simbel famous?

It was dedicated to the gods Amun, Ra-Horakhty, and Ptah, as well as to the deified Ramesses himself. It is generally considered the grandest and most beautiful of the temples commissioned during the reign of Ramesses II, and one of the most beautiful in Egypt.

What is Abu Simbel famous for?

What is so special about Abu Simbel?

Why was the temple of Abu Simbel relocated?

The two Abu Simbel temples were relocated in order to keep them from being submerged during the creation of the Aswan High Dam reservoir. Different plans were suggested to save the temples from submersion; ultimately the plan chosen was to relocate the temples to higher ground.

Who did Ramses dedicated to temple to Abu Simbel?

In 1257 BCE , Pharaoh Ramses II (1279-13 BCE) had two temples carved out of solid rock at a site on the west bank of the Nile south of Aswan in the land of Nubia and known today as Abu Simbel. Long before Ramses II, the site had been sacred to Hathor of Absek. The temple built by Ramses, however, was dedicated to the sun gods Amon-Re and Re-Horakhte.

Why were the Abu Simbel statues in Egypt relocated?

Abu Simbel survived through ancient times, only to be threatened by modern progress . Because the site would soon be flooded by the rising Nile, it was decided that the temples should be moved.

What was Ramses II statue made of in Abu Simbel?

Giant limestone statues of Ramses II (Rameses – 1304-1237 BC) holding the crook and the flail, symbols of kingship, Temple of Ramses, Abu Simbel (Simbul). On left each statue has cartouche for Rameses carved on shoulder. From watercolour by Scottish artist David Roberts (1796-1864) dated 9 November 1936. ID: D96C18 (RM)