Who built the hephaisteion?
3, Chap. 1, Plate 1. The Hephaisteion, the best preserved of all Greek temples, stands proudly in the Agora, the civic center and market place of ancient Athens. Completed by 415 B.C., the temple was dedicated Hephaestus, the Greek god of fire and metalworking.
Is the Temple of Hephaestus still standing?
The Temple of Hephaestus or Hephaisteion (also “Hephesteum”; Ancient Greek: Ἡφαιστεῖον, Greek: Ναός Ηφαίστου, and formerly called in error the Theseion or “Theseum”; Ancient Greek: Θησεῖον, Greek: Θησείο), is a well-preserved Greek temple; it remains standing largely intact.
Why are Metopes important?
The North metopes depict the Athenians at war with the Trojans, another powerful Greek city. They are a scene from the Trojan War, most likely the famous sacking of Troy. All together, the metopes from the four sides of the Parthenon create a story of the triumph of reason and order.
What is the importance of Temple of Hephaestus?
The Temple of Hephaestus in Athens, Attica: The Temple of Hephaestus is the best preserved ancient temple in Greece. It was dedicated to Hephaestus, the ancient god of fire and Athena, goddess of pottery and crafts.
What was in the Parthenon?
The Parthenon on the Acropolis of Athens was built between 447 and 438 BC as a temple dedicated to the goddess Athena Parthenos. Inside the building stood a colossal image of Athena Parthenos, constructed of gold and ivory by Pheidias and probably dedicated in 438 BC.
What was the temple of Ares used for?
The Temple of Ares was a sanctuary dedicated to Ares, located in the northern part of the Ancient Agora of Athens.
What are the architectural elements that fill the space between triglyphs?
In classical architecture, a metope (μετόπη) is a rectangular architectural element that fills the space between two triglyphs in a Doric frieze, which is a decorative band of alternating triglyphs and metopes above the architrave of a building of the Doric order.
What does metope mean in English?
: the space between two triglyphs of a Doric frieze often adorned with carved work.
What are the dimensions of the temple of Hephaestus?
The architectural sculpture is in both Pentelic and Parian marble. The dimensions of the temple are 13.71 m north to south and 31.78 m east to west, with six columns on the short east and west sides and thirteen columns along the longer north and south sides (with each of the four corner columns being counted twice).
What did the doric friezes on the temple of Hephaestus represent?
Doric friezes are decorated with alternating patterns of triglyphs and metopes. Triglyphs are panels with three vertical lines, which historians theorize were meant to symbolize the wooden beams that would have previously been used to hold up the roofs before the switch to stone architecture. The metopes are blank panels in between the triglyphs.
When did the Greek Orthodox Church of Hephaestus open?
From the 7th century until 1834, it served as the Greek Orthodox church of Saint George Akamates. The building’s condition has been maintained due to its history of varied use. Hephaestus was the patron god of metal working, craftsmanship, and fire.
Who was the architect of the Parthenon in Athens?
Iktinos was a Greek architect active in Athens at this time, who has been named as one of the possible architects of the Parthenon. He’s also been identified as the possible builder of the Temple of Hephaestus.